Dream Variations | Translation In Nepali | WordMeanings | Question-Answers

Question Answers  | WordMeanings | Translation In Nepali | Of  the poem "Dream Variation".

The poem DREAM VARIATION, written by Langston Hughes, presents the tender pathos of a majority individuals in modern day United States. It is a nostalgic ( विगतका बारेमा लेखिएको ) poem which expresses poet's wish for complete freedom. It is written against colour persecution ( अत्याचार ) and racial discrimination.
Also Read: 
Summary And Interpretation Of 'DREAM VARIATIONS'

नेपालीमा सारांश (Translation & Summary Of 'DREAM VARIATIONS' In Nepali):

सेता दिनहरु समाप्त नभए सम्म घमाइलो ठाउँमा हातहरु फैलाउन घुम्न अनि नाच्न, अनि विस्तारै मा जस्तै कालो रात नपरुञ्जेल शितल सन्ध्यामा अग्लो रुख मुनी आराम गर्नु - यो मेरो सपना हो।
छिटो जाने दिन अन्त्य नभए सम्म प्रचण्ड घामको अगाडि विस्तारित हातहरु फैलाउन, नाच ! घुम ! मलिन साँझमा आराम गर। .....एउटा अग्लो सुरिलो रुखमुनि, म जस्तै अँध्यारो रात संयम साथ आइरहेको छ।

Word-meanings in Nepali of "DREAM VARIATIONS"
"DREAM VARIATIONS" Nepali Word Meanings
Nepali Meanings "DREAM VARIATIONS"
English and Nepali Word Meanings Of 'DREAM VARIATIONS'

Word

Meanings

flingto throw sth. forcefully ( बलपूर्वक फैलाउनु, फाल्नु )
whirlmove round and round ( फनफनी घुम्नु )
comes onappears ( देखा पर्छ )
palefeeble, not bright ( मलिन, कम्जोर )
tenderlygently ( इमान्दारितासाथ, संयमसाथ )


Questions - Answers Of 'DREAM VARIATIONS':

Question No. 1: Why is the poem titled "Dream Variations" ? ( किन कविताको शिर्षक Dream Variations राखिएको होला ? )
Answer: The poet writes about his dream of free life. He appeals for a carefree life, away from colour persecution and racial discrimination. In first stanza he is having very hard days. The day in the first stanza, is white day; white day means, white ruled day or day of white domination. The second stanza is different from the first. The white day has become quick day in second stanza. The days which are not hard, are easy to pass. These days are the quick days. The quick day of second stanza is the day of poet's liking. The night in the first stanza is dark night but that in second stanza is black night. Black night is his night. The dream of poet in first stanza and second stanza varies. Therefore, the poem is titled "dream variations."

Question No. 2: How are the first and second stanzas different in form ? ( पहिलो र दोश्रो श्लोक कसरी फरक छन् ? )
Answer: The first stanza consists of nine lines but in the second stanza there are only eight lines. There are 43 words in first stanza in which 40 words are monosyllabic ( एक सिलेवल भएका ). Second stanza is made up of 34 words only. The position of some words is changed in second stanza. For example, To "whirl" and to "dance" are changed to "Dance! Whirl! Whirl! Two sentences: Rest at pale evening..../ A tall, slim tree....are not complete in second stanza while we don't find incomplete sentence in first stanza.

.... And Beyond:

Question No. 1: Write a short essay on the music of poetry ? ( " कविताको सङ्गीत " भन्ने विषयमा छोटो निबन्ध लेख्नुहोस्। )
Answer: The music of poetry is not the thing that we find outwardly. It is the pleasing combinations of sounds found in poetry. It is very important in all poetry. The sound of poetry is similar to the organization of sounds in music. Rhythm and rhyme are the most important musical elements. Rhythmical effect is the matter of accents and pauses in every poetic line. We like poem because of its music. Music is directly related to the meaning of the poetry. In this sense Alexander Pope has said remarkably that " the sound must seen an echo to the sense. "

Possible Questions:

Question No. 1: What is the main idea of the poem ? ( कविताको मुख्य आसय के हो ? )
Answer: The main idea of the poem DREAM VARIATION, written by Langston Hughes, presents the tender pathos of a majority individuals in modern day United States. It is a nostalgic ( विगतका बारेमा लेखिएको ) poem which expresses poet's wish for complete freedom. It is written against colour persecution ( अत्याचार ) and racial discrimination.

Question No. 2: What is the dream of poet ? ( कविको स्वप्न के हो ? )
Answers: The poet wants to entertain the day freely without any intervention ( हस्तक्षेप ). He wants to do whatever he likes. He likes to roam around and dance throughout the day. Then in the evening he wants to rest under a tall tree until it is dark. This is his dream.
Lines 1, 2 and 10, 11 express the poet's intention of freedom. " To fling my arms" means to work, in earth (line 2). "In the face of sun" (line 11) is, perhaps the sunny days.
Line 3, 4 and 12, 13, In line three (3) the poet's general intention of whirling ( घुम्ने ) and dancing is expressed. But in the line 12 dancing and whirling seems to be more deliberate and quick. Line 4 is very deep in meaning and important , too. "The White Day" refers to the period in which the whites were in power. The word "white" is replaced by the word "quick" in line 13. The change of "white day" to "quick day" implies that the period of white domination ( सेताहरुको अन्याय ) may soon be over.

In Lines 5, 6 and 14, at evening, he wants to take rest under a tall tree. The world "cool" is replaced by the world "pale". "Pale" refers to something which is going to fade out. Here "pale evening" also refers to the possible end of the white domination.

In Lines 8 and 17, the word "dark" is changed to "black". This refers that the poet is emphasizing the black colour. The writer is implying that he is proud to be black.
" That is my dream" - The line is not repeated in the poem. It may mean that the dream has become reality.

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