Yudhisthira's Wisdom | Summary | Four Levels | BA | BBS

YUDHISTHIRA'S WISDOM

Source : The Mahabharata (Shanta R. Rao's adaptation)

Summary of 'Yudhisthira's Wisdom':

One day the Pandava brothers went far from their dwelling place in search of deer in the jungle. They saw a deer and followed it but the deer vanished. They felt very tried and thirsty. Yudhishthira could not walk any further. They also could not find any sign of water around them. So Yudhishthira sent Sahadeva to search water. Sahadeva went from there but he did not come back. Yudhisthira became worried and he sent Nakula, Bhim and Arjun one by one. When they did not return, Yudhishthira went himself following their foot steps to know what had happened to them. After some time he came to a clearing. He saw a beautiful pool. The water of the pool looked fresh, cool and inviting. But at the same time, he saw another terrible scene. His all brothers were lying on the bank of the pool. Their eyes were closed.

Yudhisthira became mournful. He prayed the god to take him also because he could not live without his dear brother. He cried bitterly. However, he could not control his thirst. When he bent down to drink the water, the sound of the Yaksha ordered him that he could not drink the water until he answered his question. He had given the same order to the other Pandava brothers but they ignored it and he had cursed them. However , Yudhisthira was very wise and patient. He requested the Yaksha to ask his question and promised that he would answer them as well as he could.

The Yaksha asked him many questions that he answered sincerely and rightly. The Yaksha was very much impressed by his replies and he promised to revive one of his brother. Yudhisthira was very just, fair, truth and wise. So, he requested the Yaksha to save Nakula, the son of his step mother. The Yaksha was even more impressed by Yudhishthera's wisdom, justice and fairness. So he decided to save all Yudhisthira's brothers.He appeared before Yudhishthira as Yama, Yudishthira's hevenly father, the god of justice and death. He revived all the brother of Yadhisthira. He also advised them to remember him in future difficulties. Then he suggested them to go to Matsya with Draupadi and spend the rest exile period there.

नेपालीमा अनुवाद (Translation In Nepali Of "Yudhisthira's Wisdom"):

निर्वासनमा बस्दा कुनै एक समयमा पाण्डवहरु हरिणको पछि लाग्दै जाँदा आफ्नो बासस्थान बाट धेरै टाढा पुगेछन्। प्रचण्ड गर्मी र टन्टलापुर घाम लागेको हुनाले उनीहरुलाई साह्रै तिर्खा लाग्यो। हरिण पनि नभेटिएको र खुट्टा दुखेकाले आफ्नो खोजी प्रयाश व्यर्थ ठानेर अन्त्यमा उनीहरु रोकिए। प्रचण्ड गर्मीका कारणले उनीहरुको मुख सुकेको थियो। त्यसैले उनीहरुले चारै तिर पानीको खोजी गर्न थाले। पनि नपाए पछि अगाडी बढ्न नसकी एउटा रुखको छहारिमुनी बसेर युधिष्ठिरले आफ्ना कान्छा भाई सहदेवलाई पानीको खोजीमा पठाए। दाजुको आज्ञा पालन गर्दै सहदेव पानीको खोजीमा हिंडे तर धेरै बेरसम्म पनि उनी नफर्किए पछि युधिष्ठिर चिन्तित भए। के भएको हो भनेर पत्ता लगाउन उनले अर्का भाई नकुल लाई पठाए। सहदेव जस्तै नकुल पनि नफर्किएपछि अर्जुन तथा भिमलाई उनले क्रमश: भाईहरुको खोजीमा पठाए। तर तिनीहरु पनि फर्किएनन्। अन्त्यमा अत्यन्तै चिन्तित भएर युधिष्ठिर आफैं भाईहरुको खोजीमा निस्किए। खोज्दै जाँदा केहि पर पुगेपछि एउटा सुन्दर तलाउ देखा पर्यो। उक्त ठाउँ अत्यन्तै सुन्दर र मनमोहक थियो। हेर्दै जाँदा तलाउको एक छेउमा आफ्ना भाईहरु मरेको वा बेहोश भई अचल अवस्थामा जमिनमा लडेका अवस्थामा देखे। उक्त दृश्यले उनको मुटु पीरले भरियो। भावविव्हल अवस्थामा घुँडा टेकेर उनी भाईहरुको छेउमा गई रुँदै कराउँदै "म एक्लै भाईहरु विना बाँच्न सक्दिन, मलाई पनि लैजाऊ, हे प्रभु" भन्दै बिलौना गर्न थाले।

तलाउका बारेमा र आफ्ना भाईहरु के कारणले यस्तो अवस्थामा पुगे भन्ने कुरामा युधिस्ठिर अनभिज्ञ थिए। जव पानी देखेर खुसी हुँदै सहदेव घुँडा टेकेर प्यास मेट्न तलाउको किनारमा निहुरे तब अचानक सुनसान झाडीबाट 'पर्ख सहदेव, पानी नपिऊ यो जादु गरेको तलाऊ हो' भन्ने आवाज सुने। उनले वरिपरि हेरे तर कसैलाई देखेनन्। उनी साह्रै तिर्खाएका र छेउमा कसैलाई नदेखेकाले पुन: पानी पिउने प्रयाश मात्र के गरेका थिए फेरी आवाज आयो "मा यहाँ छु, यो तलाऊ मेरो हो। मेरो प्रश्नको उत्तर नदिए सम्म यो तलाऊको पानी पिउने अनुमति कसैलाई छैन। " यस्तो आवाज सुनेपछि सहदेवले केहि बेर प्रश्नको प्रतिक्षा गरे तर पनि उनले कसैलाई देखेनन्। त्यसैले उक्त आवाजलाई कल्पना मात्र ठानेर तिर्खाएको सहदेव आफ्ना हातको अँजुली भरी पानी पिउन ठिक्क परे। तर उनका ओंठमा पानी छोएको मात्र के थियो उनी मुर्छित अवस्थामा भुइँमा लडे।

त्यसै गरी पानी खोज्ने क्रममा केही समयपछि नकुल पनि त्यहीं आइपुगे। उनी ज्यादै थकित र ज्यादै तिर्खाएका हुनाले यक्षको चेतावनीका बाबजुद पानी पिउने कोसिस गरे र उनी पनि तत्कालै बेहोश भई भुँईमा लडे। क्रमश: अर्जुन र भीमको पनि त्यही गति भयो।

उक्त दृश्य देखेर युधिष्ठिर तलाऊ किनारमा बसी धेरै बेरसम्म रोए। त्यस पश्चात धेरै तिर्खाएकोले तलाऊ किनारसम्म घिस्रिदै पुगे। उनी पानी पिउन भनी निहुरेका मात्र के थिए यक्षको चेतावनी आयो। चेतावनी सुनेपछि युधिष्ठिरले भने "तपाई प्रश्न सोध्नुहोस्, मैले सकेजति उत्तर दिनेछु। "

आवाज सुरु भयो म यक्ष हुँ युधिस्ठिर ! तिमीले मेरो कुरा सुनेर राम्रो गर्यो। अब म प्रश्न गर्छु, ध्यान दिएर उत्तर देऊ, "सूर्य के ले चम्कन्छ ?" युधिष्ठिरले उत्तर दिए, "ईश्वरको शक्तिले।" "खतरा वा संकटको बेलाको मानिसको सबभन्दा भरपर्दो हतियार के हो ?" "साहस ! साहस नै खतरामा सबै भन्दा भरपर्दो हतियार हो। " युधिष्ठिरले उत्तर दिए। "पृथ्वीले भन्दा पनि बढी कुरा मानिसलाई के ले दिन्छ ? के ले उसलाई खुवाउँछ, टेवा दिन्छ, अनि बलियो पार्छ ?" युधिष्ठिरले नहिच्किचाइकन भने, "पक्कै पनि आमाले किनभने मानिसलाई जीवन दिने, खुवाउने, सेवा दिने आमा नै हुन्। आमा पृथ्वी भन्दा पनि महत्वपूर्ण हुन्। " "कुन बेला मानिस अरुको प्रिय हुन्छ ?" यक्षले सोधे। "जुनबेला उसले आफ्नो घमण्ड त्याग गर्छ।" युधिष्ठिरले जवाफ दिए। "त्यो चिज के हो जुन त्यागेपछि मानिस सुखी बन्छ ?" युधिष्ठिरले जवाफ दिए, "रिस। किनभने उनलाई थाहा थियो रिसलाई त्यागेपछि मानिस शान्त बन्छ। यक्षले फेरी सोधे, "के छोड्ना साथ मानिस तुरुन्तै धनी हुन्छ ?" युधिष्ठिरले जवाफ दिए "ईच्छा"। किनभने इच्छारहित मानिस मात्र असल र धनी हुन्छ र लाखौं सम्पत्ती भएर पनि असन्तुष्ट हुने मान्छे गरिब नै हुन्छ। अन्त्यमा युधिष्ठिरको उत्तर सुनी यक्षले असाध्यै प्रशन्न भएर युधिष्ठिरको एकजना मात्र भाईलाई जीवित पारिदिने, भन कसलाई जीवित पार्ने भनी सोधे ? युधिष्ठिरले भाई नकुललाई जीवित पारिदिन आग्रह गरे जो सौतेनी आमा माद्री पट्टिका थिए। युधिष्ठिरले यसबाट दुबै आमाहरु बेसन्तान हुँदैनन् भन्ने न्यायपूर्ण तर्क गरे।

उनले यति भन्नासाथ उनका अगाडि युधिष्ठिरका स्वर्गबासी पिता, न्याय र मृत्युका देवता यमराज प्रकट भए। यमराज युधिष्ठिरको बुद्दिबाट अत्यन्तै प्रशन्न भएर उनलाई अङ्गालो मारे। अन्त्यमा सबै भाइहरुलाई जीवित पारी आशीर्वाद दिएर कठिन अवस्थामा उनीहरुलाई ईश्वरले रक्षा गर्नेछन् भन्ने बचन दिन्छन्। र अन्तमा आफ्ना सबै भाईहरुका साथै द्रौपदी सहित मत्स्य जहाँ राजा विराट राज्य गर्थे त्यहाँ गई भेष बदलेर बस्न सल्लाह दिए जहाँ उनीहरु पनि सुरक्षित हुने थिए।

Word Meanings in Nepali of 'Yudhisthira's Wisdom'
'Yudhisthira's Wisdom' Nepali Word Meanings
Nepali Meanings 'Yudhisthira's Wisdom'

Word

Meaning

in pursuit ofप्राप्त गर्ने लक्ष्यले
overheadसीधा माथि, ठाडो
wanderedघुमे, डुले
dwellingबसोबास, बासस्थान
vanishहराउनु, लोप हुनु
footstoreखुट्टा दुखेको
parchedगर्मी र सुख्खा
scannedसावधानी पूर्वक हेर्यो, नियाल्यो
trudgeकठिनसँग हिड्नु, लडखाडाउनु
concernedचिन्तित
poolसानो पोखरी, तलाऊ
evil fateदुर्भाग्य, दुर्दासा
reflectछायाँ पर्नु
veinsनसाहरु
wringingबटार्दै
clearingजङ्गल फाँडिएको
overtakeउछिन्न खोज्नु
quenchतिर्खा वा प्यास मेटाउनु
groveझाडी
enchantedजादु गरेको
startledतर्सेको
pausedरोकिएको
chirpingचराहरुको चिरबिर आवाज
dragonflyगाइने किरा
zoomनजिकै बाट हेरिरहनु, नियाल्नु
fancyकल्पना
ignoreवेवास्ता गर्नु
reeledरिंगटा लागेर लड्यो
ignorantअज्ञानी
grievedदु:ख पर्यो
edgeकिनारा
renderबनाउनु
struck downमुर्छित भई लड्यो
heededध्यान दियो
fateभाग्य
mightyबलियो
enemyशत्रु
fareसफल हुनु
overpowerअसहाय बानाउनु
sustainपाल्नु
persistजारी राख्नु
respondप्रतिक्रिया दिनु
give upछोड्नु
possessionसम्पत्ति
restoreपुनर्जीवन
lineवंश
kindदयालु
righteousnessन्याय
divineईश्वरीय
personageमहत्वपूर्ण
embracedअँगालो मार्यो
heavenlyस्वर्गको
nobleज्यादै राम्रो, आदर्श
conductआचरण
overflowपोखिनु
gratitudeकृतज्ञता
protectedबचाऊ गर्यो
disguiseभेष बदल्नु
exileनिर्वासन

Four Levels Of 'Yudhisthira's Wisdom':

1. Literal Comprehension:

Once in the exiled period five Pandav brothers grew thirty while running after a deer in the forest of Yaksha. In the hot weather they were tired and thirsty Yudisthira sent his youngest brother Sahadeva in search of water. He came across a beautiful pond and ready to drink water hurriedly. Some voice stopped him from drinking until he could have given his questions’ answers. Thinking it might be fancy he drank water. He sooner got fainted. Similarly, Nakula, Bhima and Arjuna got the same fate lastly Yudhisthira himself went and found such condition of brothers. He waited admonition form drinking water after listening similar. He gave the answers of all questions asked by Yaksha until Yaksha became pleased. He promised to restore one of the brothers. For that Yudhisthira preferred Nakala with much pleasing reason. So Yaksha being happy restore all his brothers and gave blessing for easy and comfortable life of remaining exiled period.

2. Interpretation:

This mythological story is taken from Mahabharata. The righteousness of Yudhisthira is the central point of this story. It focuses on wisdom; patience and loyalty to God are great human qualities. If we conduct any work rightly that has creative result. The story seems to tall that we must be faithful and honest on our work. If we have selfish and careless attitude, that ruins our personality in particular and humanity in general. Again, the reasonable and philosophical answers of the questions given by Yudhisthira can be knowledgeable. The due respect and love to the brother becomes another important meaning of this story.

3. Critical Thinking:

The charming table of Mahabharata seems to be philosophical and knowledge to any reader. Despite of its morality and simplicity of language there are some contradictory points in this story. At present, there is a question over the existence of God. Some disagreeing points can be given asking question like:(a) can we see Yaksha in our life? (b)can sun shine with God’s power? (c) Do god exist really? (d) Is it true having less anger means being happy? Etc. Still we can learn many more philosophy from this story.

4. Assimilation:

Reading this text gave me new awareness. To be true human, we must have wisdom and righteousness. We learn that we should forsake pride, anger, desires,etc.to be happy and satisfied in our life. I have learnt to change myself changing my thinking as well.

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