Economics (New Course) | Class 12 | Exam Paper 2075 [2018] | National Examinations Board

NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS BOARD [NEB]
Economics (New Course) - Grade XII (Class 12)
Examination - 2075 (2018)
Regular Students | Subject Code: 226 ‘A’
Time - 3 hrs
Full Marks - 100
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विधार्थीहरुले सकेसम्म आफ्नै शब्दमा उत्तर दिनुपर्नेछ। दायाँ किनारामा दिइएको अङ्कले पूर्णाङ्क जनाउँदछ। 
Candidates are required to give their answers in their own words as far as practicable. The figures in the margin indicate full marks.
खण्ड-१ (Part-1)
समूह 'क' (Group 'A')
(विस्तृत उत्तरात्मक प्रश्नहरु/ Long answer questions)
कुनै दुई प्रश्नको उत्तर दिनुहोस्। (Attempt any Two questions) [2x10=20]
1. सिमान्त उपयोगिता ह्रास नियमको व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्। यसका अपवादहरु के के हुन्? (Explain the law of diminishing marginal utility. What are its exceptions?) [7+3]

2. अल्पकालीन कूल लागत रेखाहरुको निर्माण बारे व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्? (Explain the derivation of short-run total cost curves.) [2+4+4]


3. रिकार्डोको लगान सिद्दान्तको आलोचना सहित व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्। (Explain the Ricardian theory of rent with criticism.) [7+3]

समूह 'ख' (Group 'B')
(संक्षिप्त उत्तरात्मक प्रश्नहरु/ Short answer questions)
कुनै चार प्रश्नको उत्तर दिनुहोस्। (Attempt any four questions) [4x5=20]
4. मागको मूल्य लचकताको किसिम सहित व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्। (Define price elasticity of demand with its types.)

5. प्रतिफल बृद्दि नियमको व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्। (Explain the law of increasing returns to scale.)


6. एकाधिकार बजारमा TR वक्रबाट AR तथा MR वक्रको निर्माणबारे व्याख्या गरनुहोस्। (Explain the derivation of AR and MR from TR unde monopoly market.)


7. पूर्ण प्रतिस्पर्धामा मूल्य र उत्पादनको निर्धारण कसरी हुन्छ? व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्। (How are price and output determined under perfect competition?)


8. ज्यालाको ज्याला कोष सिद्दान्तको व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्। (Explain the wage fund theory of wage.)

समूह 'ग' (Group 'C')
(अति संक्षिप्त उत्तरात्मक प्रश्नहरु/ Very Short answer questions)
सबै प्रश्नको उत्तर दिनुहोस्। (Attempt all questions) [5x2=10]
9. मागको आय लचकता भनेको के हो? (What is income elasticity of demand?)

10. उपभोक्ताको वचत भनेको के हो? (What is consumer's surplus?)

11. उत्पादन भनेको के हो? (What is production?)

12. पूर्ण प्रतिस्प्रधात्मक बजारका कुनै चारओटा विशेषताहरु लेख्नुहोस्। (Write any four features of perfect competitive market.)

13. फर्म सन्तुलन भनेको के हो? (What is meant by firm equilibrium?)
खण्ड-२ (Part-2)
समूह 'क' (Group 'A')
(विस्तृत उत्तरात्मक प्रश्नहरु/ Long answer questions)
कुनै दुई प्रश्नको उत्तर दिनुहोस्। (Attempt any Two questions) [2x10=20]
14. केन्द्रीय बैंक भनेको के हो? यसका कार्यहरुको व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्। (What is central bank? Explain its functions.) [2+8]

15. प्रत्यक्ष करको फाइदा तथा बेफाइदा सहित व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्? (Define direct tax with its merits and demerits.) [2+4+4]


16. अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय व्यापारको तुलनात्मक लागत सिद्दान्तको व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्। (Explain the comparative cost theory of international trade.) [10]

समूह 'ख' (Group 'B')
(संक्षिप्त उत्तरात्मक प्रश्नहरु/ Short answer questions)
कुनै चार प्रश्नको उत्तर दिनुहोस्। (Attempt any four questions) [4x5=20]
17. राष्ट्रिय आयको विभिन्न अवधारणा सहित परिभाषित गर्नुहोस्। (Define national income with different concepts.)

18. मुद्राको परिमाणात्मक सिद्दान्तको व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्। (Explain the quantity theory of money.)


19. वाणिज्य बैंकका कार्यहरुको व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्। (Explain the functions of commercial bank.)


20. नेपालमा बजेट निर्माण प्रक्रियाबारे वर्णन गर्नुहोस्। (Explain the process of budget formulation in Nepal.)


21. संरक्षण व्यापारको फाइदाहरुबारे व्याख्या गर्नुहोस्। (Explain the advantages of protection trade.)

समूह 'ग' (Group 'C')
(अति संक्षिप्त उत्तरात्मक प्रश्नहरु/ Very Short answer questions)
सबै प्रश्नको उत्तर दिनुहोस्। (Attempt all questions) [5x2=10]
22. बन्द अर्थतन्त्र भनेको के हो? (What is closed economy?)

23. राष्ट्रिय आय गणनाका कुनै चार कठिनाईहरु लेख्नुहोस्। (Write any four difficulties in measurement of national income.)

24. मुद्राको मूल्य भनेको के हो? (What is value of money?)

25. सरकारी खर्चको कुनै चारओटा महत्वहरु लेख्नुहोस्। (Write any four importance of government expenditure.)

26. भुक्तान सन्तुलन भनेको के हो? (What is balance of payment?)

View the question paper of Economics (New Course) (226 'A') | Class 12 | Grade XII | National Examinations Board [NEB] | 2075/2018
NEB Class 12/Grade XII Economics (New Course) Question Paper 2075-2018

NEB Class 12/Grade XII Economics (New Course) Question Paper 2075-2018

NEB Class 12/Grade XII Economics (New Course) Question Paper 2075-2018
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