Principles of Management
Level: Bachelor of Business Studies
Year: First
Nature of Course: Core
Course No.: MGT 213 
Full Marks: 100 
Pass Marks: 35 
Lecture hours: 150

Last Update: September 21, 2020.

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Course Objectives

This course aims to impart the basic management knowledge and skills to the students so as to enhance their managerial capabilities and enable them to apply in the practical field. The course provides a comprehensive knowledge to students about organization and help them understand the major functions, principles and techniques of management.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
  • Understand what management is and why it is important
  • Have developed a working knowledge of fundamental terminology and frameworks in the functions of management
  • Be able to identify and apply appropriate management techniques for managing contemporary organizations
  • Have an understanding of the skills, abilities and tools needed to obtain a job on a management track in an organization of their choice.
  • Understand the changes in theories about how managers should behave to motivate and control employees

Course Description

This course contains the Nature of Organizations, Introduction to Management, Management History and Current Thinking, Environmental Context of Management, Planning and Decision Making, Fundamentals of Organizing, Leadership and Motivation, Fundamentals of Influencing and Communication, Control and Quality Management, Managing in Global Arena, Management Trends and Scenario in Nepal.

Course Details

Unit 1: The Nature of Organizations (LH-15).

Concept of organization; Organizational goals: concept, purposes and types; Features of effective organizational goals; Goal formulation: processes and approaches; Goal succession and displacement; Problems of goal formulation; Changing perspectives of organization.

Unit 2: Introduction to Management (LH-10).

Management: definition, characteristics, functions, principles; Managerial hierarchy; Types of managers; Managerial skills and roles; Management Careers; Emerging challenges for management.

Unit 3: Management: History and Current Thinking (LH-15).

Classical Theory: introduction, contribution and limitation; Human relations and Behavioral science theories; System Theory; Decision Theory; Management Science Theory; Contingency Theory; Emerging Management Concepts: workforce diversity, outsourcing, knowledge management, learning organization.

Unit 4: Environmental Context of Management (LH-16).

Concept of Business Environment; Types of Business Environment: internal and external. Basic Components of External Environment: economic, socio – cultural, political, and technological; Environmental Scanning: concept and methods; SWOT analysis; Social Responsibility of Business: concept and approaches; Areas of Social Responsibility. Business Ethics: meaning and significance; Emerging Business Environment in Nepal.

Unit 5: Planning and Making Decisions (LH-20).

Planning: concept, types, process and importance; Strategic Planning: fundamentals of strategic planning; Tactical Planning: comparing and coordinating strategic and tactical planning; The Planning and Levels of Management; Decision Making: meaning, types, approaches and process; Decision making under conditions of certainty, risk and uncertainty; Group Decision Making: advantages and process; Elements of Decision Situation; Management by Objectives (MBO): factors necessary for a successful MBO program.

Unit 6: Fundamentals of Organizing (LH-18).

Organizing: concept, principles and process; Approaches to Organizing: classical, behavioral, contingency. Departmentalization: meaning and types; Delegation of Authority: meaning, steps, obstacles; Eliminating Obstacles to the Delegation Process; Centralization and Decentralization: meaning, advantages and disadvantages; Concept of Organic and Mechanistic Views of Organization; Organization Architectures: vertical differentiation (tall versus flat hierarchies), horizontal differentiation (functional structure, multidivisional structure, geographic structure, and matrix structure); Modern Organizational Structures: team, network and 360 degree structure.

Unit 7: Leadership and Motivation (LH-22).

Leadership: Concept, functions, styles; Approaches to Leadership: trait, behavioral, and situational; Leadership Today: transformational, coaching, entrepreneurial leadership; Leadership Situations and Decisions; Team Management; Conflict: meaning and types; Managing Conflicts in Organization; Motivation: concept and process; Theories of Motivation: need hierarchy and motivation-hygiene; Strategies for Motivating Employees;

Unit 8: Fundamental of Influencing and Communication (LH-8).

Influencing: concept and fundamentals; Influencing people; Influencing subsystem; Communication: concept, structure, and process; Types of Communication: formal and informal, Interpersonal and nonverbal communication in organization; Barriers to Effective Communication; Enhancing Effective Communication.

Unit 9: Control and Quality Management (LH-11).

Control Systems: concept, process, types, and characteristics of effective control system; Potential Barriers to Successful Controlling; Quality Control Systems; Total Quality Management (TQM): concept and tools; Deming Management: principles and techniques; The Quality Improvement Process;

Unit 10: Managing in the Global Arena (LH-8).

Globalization: concept, effects; Fundamentals of International Management; Multinational Companies: meaning, types, advantages, and disadvantages; Digital dimensioning and Planning, Organizing, Influencing, and Controlling.

Unit 11: Management Trends and Scenario in Nepal (LH-7).

Growth of Business Sector in Nepal; Major Industries in Nepal: manufacturing, export oriented, import substitution, and service sector; Existing Management Practices and Business Culture in Nepalese Organization; Major Problems of Businesses in Nepal.

Suggested Reading:

Griffin, Ricky W., Management, AITBS Publishers and Distributors, Delhi.
Samuel C. Certo, Modern Management, Prentice Hall of India, Delhi
Charles W.L. Hill and Steven L. McShane, Principles of Management, Tata Mc-Graw-Hill Company, New Delhi
Robins, Stephen P. and Coulter, Mary, Management, Prentice Hall of India.
James, Stoner, AF, Freeman, Edward, R. and Gillbert, R., Jr. Daniel, Management¸Pearson, India.
Pant, P.R., Principles of Management, Buddha Publication Pvt. Ltd., Nepal
Chalise, M. and Gautam, P. K., Principles of Management, KEC Publication and Distribution Pvt. Ltd., Nepal

[Old Course] ↴

Course Objectives
The basic objective of this course is to give a comprehensive knowledge to students about organization and help them understand the major functions, principles, and techniques of management. The course deals with basic functions like planning, organizing, leading, and controlling with special orientation to modern management practices which are essential to manage business successfully and other organizations.
Course Description
This course contains the nature of organizations, introduction to management, evolution of management thought, environmental context of management, planning and decision making, organizing function, leadership, motivation, communication, control and quality management, global context of management, management trends and scenario in Nepal.
Course Details
Unit 1: The Nature of Organizations (LH 15)

Concept of organization. Organizational goals – concept, purposes, and types. Features of effective organizational goals. Goal formulation – processes and approaches. Goal succession and displacement. Problems of goal formulation. Changing perspectives of organization.
Unit 2: Introduction to Management (LH 10)
Definition, characteristics, and principles of management. Process and functions of management. Managerial hierarchy. Types of managers. Managerial skills and roles. Emerging challenges for management.
Unit 3: Evolution of Management Thought (LH 15)
Introduction, contribution and limitation of Classical theory, Human relations and Behavioral science theories, System theory, Decision theory, Management science theory, and Contingency theory. Emerging management concepts: workforce diversity, outsourcing, knowledge management, learning organization.
Unit 4: Environmental Context of Management (LH 16)
Concept of business environment. Types of business environment – internal and external. Basic components of economic, socio – cultural, political, and technological environments. Social responsibility of business – concept and approaches. Areas of social responsibility. Business ethics – meaning and significance. Emerging business environment in Nepal.
Unit 5: Planning and Decision Making (LH 20)
Concept, types, hierarchy of planning. Process and importance of planning. Strategic planning. Environmental scanning – concept and methods. SWOT analysis. Formulation and implementation of strategic plans. Quantitative tools for planning. Decision making – definition and approaches. Types of decisions. Decision making under conditions of certainty and uncertainty. Problem solving – concepts, types of problem. Problem solving strategies. Crisis handling. Decision making process. Group decision making.
Unit 6: Organizing Function (LH 18)
Concept and principles of organizing. Approaches to organizing – classical, behavioural, and contingency. Process of structuring an organization. Departmentalization – meaning and types. Delegation of authority – meaning, features, advantages, and barriers. Centralization and decentralization – meaning, advantages and disadvantages. Concept of organic and mechanistic views of organization. Types of traditional organizational structures – simple functional, and divisional. Types of modern organizational structures – matrix, team, and network.
Unit 7: Leadership (LH 16)

Concept and functions of leadership. Leadership styles. Approaches to leadership – trait, behavioral, and situational. Group formation. Types and characteristics of groups. Team management. Conflict – meaning and types. Managing conflicts in organization.
Unit 8: Motivation (LH 8)
Concept. Theories of motivation – Need Hierarchy, and Motivation-Hygiene. Reward system to motivate performance. Motivation through employee participation – quality of work life, and self- managed teams.
Unit 9: Communication (LH 6)
Concept, structure, and process. Types of communication – formal and informal. Interpersonal and nonverbal communication. Barriers to effective communication. Enhancing effective communication.
Unit 10: Control and Quality Management (LH 11)
Concept, process, and types of control systems. Characteristics of effective control system. Quality control systems – concept of quality. Total Quality Management (TQM) – concept and tools. Deming management – principles and techniques.
Unit 11: Global Context of Management (LH 8)
Concept of globalization. Methods of globalization. Effects of globalization. Multinational companies –
meaning, types, advantages, and disadvantages.
Unit 12: Management Trends and Scenario in Nepal (LH 7)
Growth of business sector in Nepal. Major industries in Nepal – manufacturing, export – oriented, import- substitution, and service sector. Existing management practices and business culture. Major problems of businesses in Nepal.

Basic Books
Griffin, Ricky W., Management, AITBS Publishers and Distributors, Delhi.
Hitt, Michael A., J. Black, Stweart, and Porter, Lyman W., Management, Pearson, India.
Reference Books
Pant, Prem Raj, Principles of Management, Kathmandu : Buddha-Academic Enterprises Pvt. Ltd.
Poudyal, S. R., Pradhan, G.M. & Bhandari, K. P., Principles of Management, Kathmandu:Asmita Books Publishers and Distributors (P) Ltd.,
Adhikari, D. R., Principles of Management, Kathmandu: Sunrise Publisher.
Agrawal, G. R., Principles of Management, Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers and Distributors. Shrestha, A., Organization Management, Kathmandu: Educational Publishing.
Charles, W.L., Hill, S. Land McShane, S. L., Principles of Management, New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill Robins, S. P. and Coulter, M., Management, New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India.
Weihrich, H. and Koontz, H., Management: A Global Perspective, New Delhi: McGraw Hill. James, A.F.S., Freeman,R. E., & Gillbert, D.R., .Management¸ New Delhi: Pearson.
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